None of the original windows (mainly sash & case) have been replaced. Generally they were very solid but there were a few exceptions in exposed areas. The small windows in the South facing dormers are exposed and had some rot on the bottom sashes and sills. There was also a little rot on the bottom of the bathroom window sash. However, the worst rot was on the SW facing section of the bay window. The beauty of wood is that it is easily repaired and restored. Full restoration of the windows can wait but I decided to carry out some simple repairs that should buy me 10 year before further repair work is required. After all these windows are only 125 years old and could probably last another 75 years if cared for!

The rot on all affected windows was restricted to the bottom rail and its joint with the vertical stiles. This picture illustrates the condition of one of the exposed dormer windows.

This is the bottom edge of the same window showing the extent of the decay.

All of the decayed wood was removed. Small drill holes were made into the good wood and epoxy wood hardner is applied to the area.

This picture illustrates the condition of the worst affected window (from the bay window). Removing the decay left very little solid wood in one corner.

This is the same window showing how much of the bottom rail had to be removed.

Seasoned softwood sections are cut to fill the majority of missing wood. After drilling and treatment with epoxy hardner an epoxy filler is used to fit the block of wood. Once hardened the bottom of the window was sanded back to form the original profile. Additional dowels are used to strengthen the corners and the putty is repaired.

The inner and outer sills were decayed on this same bay window. Both of these are removed.

A new inner sill is treated with preservative and screwed into place. A damp proof barrier is used to separate the wood from the potentially damp stone.

Finally a new outer sill is fixed in place and the sash is refitted with new sash cords. The window is now ready to be prepared for painting.

The finished article. This picture was actually taken about 18 months after the repairs were made and all the windows were painted a dark green. This colour was very popular from the Victorian era until the 1960s. The epoxy repairs are holding out perfectly so far.